Tabla :-> is a percussion instrument used in Hindustani classical music  and in popular and devotional music of the Indian subcontinent. If you want to learn tabla ,this beginner’s information is for you.

Note :-
 1. Always take an expert along while purchasing a pair of tabla.
2. A beginner should always begin learning it under the guidance of an expert only, for correct positioning of fingers and to produce the best sound from it. 

Here are the various parts of tabla explained
1. Syahi

2. Maidan
3. Chanti
4. Gajara
5. Gatti
6. Hammer

Syahi yantragyanSyahi- Syahi functions by loading only a portion of the stretched skin with weight. In the higher-pitched (usually right-hand) drum (for instance, the tabla proper) this has the effect of altering the resonance frequency of some lower order vibrations more than others.



Gajara & Gatti- If the pitch goes down at the raised spot then there is not enough tension at that spot on the head, so you have it unbalanced. You need to increase the tension in this spot to the point it stays in tune and allow the skin to stretch to where it most likely was when it was made on the shell. It is very possible that when you inserted the gattas that the pudi was srteached unevenly in the process, all this is done by the help of gajara and gatti.

Hammer-  Hammer is a tool which is used to tune tabla up to the required pitch
hammer yantragyan


  • Pandit – a master of the tabla technique and gharana, or school. Muslims are honored by the title Ustad.
  • Gharana – any of the six schools (Punjab, Delhi, Banaras, Ajrara, Lucknow, Farukhabad) of tabla.
  • Syahi – the black spots on the tabla, also called gab. Composed of a dried paste derived from iron filings and applied in several separate layers to the head of the drum.
  • Keenar – the outer ring of skin on the head of each of the two tabla drums. In Hindi, known as the chat.
  • Sur – The area between the gaab and the keenar. In Hindi, known as the maidan.
  • Bol – both mnemonic syllables and a series of notes produced when stroked. E.g. Na, tin, Dha, Dhin, Ge, Ke, etc.
  • Theka – a standard series of bols that form the rhythmic basis of tabla accompaniment for a given tala.
  • Rela – a sort of rapid drum-roll.
  • Chutta – the cushions used when placing the tabla.
  • Baj, Baaj, or Baaz – a style of playing, different from the ghar?n?. Two main styles developed, Purbi Baj and Dilli Baj. Dilli, or Delhi, baj is the *style of bols and playing that originated in the city of Delhi. Purbi (meaning “eastern”) developed in the area east of delhi. Both have different ways to play bols.
  • Bayan or Duggi– The metal drum providing the bass notes in tabla.
  • Dayan or Tabla – The wooden drum providing the treble notes in tabla.
  • Lay (or Laya) – tempo.
  • Tala (or Tal) – rhythm cycle; meter. Example: Dadra Tala, Ada Chautal, Teental, and the most common, keherwa.
  • Sam – the first beat of a tal.
  • Vibhag – Taal division.
  • Tali – clap.
  • Khali – off or no claps.
  • Ghatta – Wooden dowels used to control the tension.

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